What is Le Nuancier des Alcools ? (Ep.8)


Hi everyone ! exceptionally we will speak in french today because we are with Morgan VS who is a French Youtuber and I don’t speak English, it’s complicated for me but it’s all right because we are going to talk about “Le Nuancier des Alcools” which is the latest book from La Maison du Whisky it’s written in French and we will talk a little bit about it You wrote it ? Yes I did What is Le Nuancier ? It’s not a book, it’s more of an educational tool and the idea is to have a page for each category of alcohol, it can be wine, beer spirits, liquors etc.. and then to compare. So for example : whisky Morgan, do you know the difference between scotch and bourbon ? Between scotch and bourbon ? Too easy Didier ! Hmmm.. actually I don’t know, I have no idea Both are whiskies Ok ! it’s really usefull ! So, both are whiskies so maybe the difference is the area of production. Scotch for Scotland and Bourbon from the USA Excactly but it’s not the only difference the raw material for scotch whisky can be malted barley for single malt or other cereals in blends or grain whisky In the USA, they use corn, rye and other cereals they blend the cereals together before fermentation they call it the Mashbill, we did a video on this topic, you can see it on this channel Ok ! And if we do a blind test can you recognize a bourbon from a scotch ? Yes, if you’re used to tasting them… So you have the habit of drinknig ? That’s what you’re telling us ? But ok, go ahead Tasting ! I know you are close to your community, explain us your problems Ok, more seriously, I have no idea first the raw material is different, the corn is sweeter and a bourbon is exclusively aged in new oak barrel. We talked together of the charred barrels which are burnt inside so the taste is more woody, rich and round for american whiskey meanwhile Scotch whisky is drier. So they are the two main categories but you can also find whisky from Canada, Japan, from all over the world Ok ! And do you know the difference between a Cognac and an Armagnac ? No, I don’t know Do you have a preference ? I prefer Cognac, that’s what I like. And I’m a Calvados connoisseur Calvados is the only alcohol that I master Do you come from Normandy ? Not at all ! But I love apples Between Cognac and Armagnac, I know that Armagnac is not my cup of tea I prefer Cognac but I’m not an expert Once again the difference between them is the production area, Cognac is produced around Cognac and the Armagnac in an other area the raw material is the same : grapes but there is more diversity in the grapes for Armagnac For the Cognac they blend, it’s the art of blending they blend several vintages to obtain something consistent So if you like a specific brand of cognac it will be always the same I only know brands like Rémy Martin There are four main producers of Cognac I tasted the Louis XIII Nice ! In one of your videos ? Yes ! It’s one of the most expensive Cognacs in the world, right ? Yeah But it’s tough for me, my palate is not used to this kind of things So, can we consider that Cognac and Armagnac are digestives ? Traditionnaly, yes. Now Cognac is trying to reach out to cocktails in order to widen their audience All the production is sold at the USA or in China, we don’t drink a lot of Cognac in France Ok ! Only 2% of the production is sold in France Amagnac is more local. They are more on the diversity of terroir, different grape varieties, they often bottle vintage Armagnac Ok ! And so, with Le Nuancier, if I search for an alcohol, you explain everthing about it. There is a page for Cognac and another for Amagnac Maturation, bottling, tasting note, service recommendations.. You wrote it ? Yes I did, it’s not like a classic book, only the ten first pages are really written out to explain the major concepts On the other pages, there are clear and short explanations and pictograms Great ! Mezcal ! So at the bottom of the page you have the name of the alcohol So when you know everything in this book, you can show off with your friends! Do you boast yourself sometimes ? Because you know everything about alcohol ? Well, I’m known to be Mister Alcohol with my friends And you are also an educator so it’s easy for you We did a video on Morgan’s channel about gin So here you can find a Gin page Morgan, do you know the difference between a gin and a vodka ? We will see if you learned something You told me that we use a vodka to make a gin we use a neutral alcohol and then we add some flavours like citrus, spices etc Juniper also Yes, it’s more or less a perfumed vodka In both case, we start with a neutral alcohol a neutral alcohol is distilled at a very very high level of alcohol, it’s almost only ethanol, so 96% ABV That’s what you like, right ? You told me that before we start filming To do some shots yes ! No, more seriously, with neutral alcohol, you can dilute it to obtain a vodka you can distill it again if you want something more pure and to make a gin, we add some flavours like juniper but also citrus like you said, spices etc.. There is something that I would like to know, what is the difference between a Tequila and a Mezcal ? We often simplify by saying that a mezcal is a smoked tequila And it’s not the case ? Well, in the process of production for mezcal there are more artisanal producers For the Tequila it’s often bigger companies, so modern production methods. Meanwhile for mezcal they use ancestral methods agaves are cooked in underground ovens so you’ll have this smoky taste and that’s not the only difference, they use different kinds of agave the production areas are different it’s a little bit like an AOC, official appellation So for you, mezcal is better ? compared to Tequila ? Is it more genuine for you ? Non, I would say that Mezcal – Tequila is like Cognac and Armagnac For the Tequila they try to keep a consistent profile Mezcal is more craft, you have huge differences between the producers The Mezcal is less known ! Yes ! Definitely less known You can find some in very good cocktail bars But there is not a classic cocktail made with mezcal. Normally you drink it neat I personnaly know tequila for shots, but I don’t know any brand or company in particular except the San José (low quality tequila) A lot of people don’t like tequila just because of these brands! All of us have already tried this kind of tequila In tequila you have two main categories.
First, the “mixtos” for mixtos, it’s not 100% of agave, you also have other raw material and then you have the 100% agave, which is super nice ! I want to try it ! You make me thirsty ! We will do that at the end of the video And finally sake. I know you did a video with Youlin on this topic Before, for me, like the majority of the people we grew up with the following idea : that sake is a spirit at 40% of alcohol that you drink at the end of a Chinese buffet with the small glass Yes, with a naked girl painted inside, you can say it And I learned with Youlin that sake is like a wine made with rice and you drink it while you are eating it’s exactly like wine I did a full meal drinking sake and it was wonderfull ! Generally the sake is at 17% ABV maximum Yes, the strongest ones are at 18 or 19% ABV But generally its around 15% to 16% ABV So, I really enjoyed the sake, it was a great discovery for me Le Nuancier is classified by categories, and we start with the fermented alcohols like beer and wine, and that’s the category where we will find sake So, with the classification alone, we already know that sake is not a distilled alcohol Distilled alcohols come later of the book, like whiskies, rums, vodkas, gins… and we end with macerated alcohols, like gins vermouths, bitters and anise-flavoured alcohols like Ricard I can’t stand it ! Really ? Have you ever tried absinthe ? I did a video about it and it wasn’t a good moment for me I don’t like the taste of anise. I did a video about absinthe and I threw up at 6, 8 and 10 p.m . I swear, it was a 89% ABV absinthe from Spain You shouldn’t drink Spanish absinthe It wasn’t the best choice of my life, it was tough for me and my team Do you like abstinthe? I love it ! I come from a french area called Jura “I love it” he says! this alcool makes me crazy ! But please tell me you drank it with water right? No..! Ah ! Because you need to dilute it ! I don’t like Pastis, but the only way for me to drink it is neat Ok ! strange, but ok ! It’s weird, isn’t it ? But with water, I don’t like it.. I drink Pastis neat, so I did the same for absinthe, but I quickly understood my mistake after 2 or 3 glups I told myself that it will be a complicated video shoot, when it’s at 90% ABV… But absinthe was forbidden for a while in France, wasn’t it ? Yes it was, because winemakers wanted people to drink more wine so the wine lobbies moved to outlaw absinthe they said that there is too much Thuyone, which is a molecule that we can find in absinthe, but also in Chartreuse and other alcohols. They did some analyses and decided that there was too much thuyone Ok ! interesting ! Thanks for coming ! My pleasure ! Huge pleasure ! We did a video together, so don’t hesitate to watch it on Morgan’s channel It was great ! It’s about gin, we selected some nice gins to make gin tonics It was great ! You did some nice cocktails ! Well, it is easy to do a gin and tonic You perfectly know the alcohols, and you perfectly know how to drink them ! Ahah thanks ! I have experience ! So, a little question for you Do you know the difference between a pisco from Peru and from Chile ? Obviously, the origin but there are a lot a differences. I did two pages, one for each in Le Nuancier How do you spell “pisco” ? Pisco : P-I-S-C-O Ok, I’ll check to know the answer If you know the answer, write it in the comments give us a thumb up and follow the channel ! See you next time ! Thanks again ! My pleasure Didier ! Thank you everybody !

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